Our Editors independently research, test, and rate the best products. We only make money if you purchase a product through our links, and we never accept free products from manufacturers. Learn more
Over the last decade, our backpacking experts have tested over 50 of the best backpacking sleeping pads. This update features 15 of the market's top models, pitted against each other in a side-by-side comparison to find the best products for your needs. We don't just order them at retail prices, but our experts thoroughly test them in the field. These pads have been hauled around the world, put to the test while guiding, hiking, and exploring on bikes, boats, and self-propelled missions. Whether you seek the warmest or most packable option out there, we've got you covered.
Editor's Note: On October 31st, 2022, we updated this review to include the new Big Agnes Rapide and the Exped Ultra 3R Duo. We've also removed pads from our line up that have been discontinued, such as the Big Agnes Q-Core SLX Insulated, Therm-a-Rest Camper Duo Pad, REI Stratus Insulated Air, Exped Synmat Hyperlite M, and Big Agnes SLX.
The Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm is an absolute beast; it balances remarkable warmth (6.9 R-value) with a packable and lightweight design. We can't find a single comparable pad on the market that balances warmth and comfort with versatile features. We're fans of the pad's newly improved valve system and had no hesitation crowning the NeoAir XTherm our favorite pad.
Yes, the XTherm wins our highest honors, but that doesn't mean some of the more wallet-friendly options won't get the job done in a similar fashion. If the narrow profile of the XTherm puts you off, check out the wider Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm Max for a bit more wiggle room.
For another year in a row, the Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XLite takes home our highest honors in the ultralight category. While there is always a temptation to utilize the lightest equipment on the market, this isn't always the most pragmatic. The XLite is extremely lightweight, but just as important is the performance packed into that tiny mass. As such, we feel it is critical to retain decent insulative properties to be versatile enough for the mountains. The 4.2 R-value settles the XLite firmly in the three-season category, making it comfortable even for fall days in the desert when you wake up with a bit of frost on your bivy.
The dimensions are a bit tight for larger individuals. Consider checking out the wider option if you're over six feet tall — with shoulders to match. The newest update of this pad did gain some extra warmth, a cool new valve system, and, unfortunately, a few ounces.
There are many inexpensive sleeping pads on the market. However, the Klymit Static V2 is one we highly recommend, particularly if you intend to camp in temperatures that are above freezing. It's light, comfortable, and packs down small. Surprisingly, the Static V2 is much wider than most pads we tested, making the low weight and price that much more impressive. The value of the Static V2 holds strong. We introduced pads in direct competition, but like Floyd Mayweather, this thing just won't go down.
The bargain-basement price does come with a big drawback. The Static V2 has one of the lowest R-values of any pad we tested, making it unsuitable for temps below freezing unless you have a burly sleeping bag or a closed-cell foam pad to boost the insulation. However, for three-season use, it's hard to ignore this pad's price, comfort, and durability.
The Sea to Summit Comfort Plus is the only pad in our review to utilize two separate air chambers allowing for different pressure and density for fine-tuning one's sleep surface. Even sleeping pads offering four inches of cushion just don't have the same adjustability and ultra-high level of comfort you can achieve with this pad.
The Air Sprung cells, coupled with variable density chambers and a high R-value, make for one heck of a sleeping pad. The only real downside is its weight relative to our highest-rated warm sleeping pads. It's not one we'd recommend for the gram counters out there. If you seek lavish comfort while carrying the best backpacking backpack, this is the pad to buy, but it comes at the cost of packability and weight. For a few ounces less (and dollars), consider the Big Agnes Rapide SL Insulated, which is close in comfort.
The Big Agnes Rapide SL Insulated Tent Floor is supremely comfortable for two campers. The thick quilted padding and massive footprint dished out some of the best nights of sleep we have experienced in the backcountry. The insulation offered also seems to outperform the 4.2 R-value as the entire floor is insulated and sharing of body heat becomes a viable option when compared to two single sleeping pads.
The weight and packed size are important points to consider as this weighs almost as much as three typical single backpacking sleeping pads and has a packed volume of about 6 liters. While these are important points to consider for the intrepid backpacking duo, we found the positives to far outweigh the, well, weight of this pad.
Compresses after many uses, losing insulating ability
The Therm-a-Rest Z Lite SOL has seemingly been on the market since the Stone Age. Many people with some exposure to the outdoors will be familiar with this pad or one extremely similar to it. While the Z Lite simply does not offer the high level of comfort most air pads do, it has some redeeming features that shouldn't be ignored. The Z Lite is an excellent choice for those wanting to add a bit of versatility to their arsenal of camping equipment.
However, it is one of the least packable pads we have tested and is miserably uncomfortable on hard surfaces, especially compared to the other options we feature here. The closed-cell foam definitely won't pop, but it also takes up a lot of space for how little comfort it actually provides. If you're seeking high value, outstanding durability, and reliability on the trail, this is an excellent choice.
The Sleepingo is one of the most affordable air-construction sleeping pads in our fleet. It is certainly not the most comfortable out of the bunch; however, it offers up a decent level of comfort, particularly for the price. When compared to closed-cell foam pads, which are often similar in price, it is far superior in comfort. While this pad might not be our first choice for side sleepers, given its relatively thin padding, it does perform well when sleeping prone or on your back.
While the Sleepingo is incredibly affordable and performs decently, there are some important notes. This pad offers the least amount of padding compared to the rest of the air construction pad field. It also doesn't have ASTM tested R-ratings, which makes the stated value a bit less valuable than it would be otherwise. Due to the rating, we feel it's best to use this pad in fair weather.
The quest for the best sleeping pad began by delving deep into what was available in the market and what products among those were the high performers. We analyzed over 70 models before choosing the models discussed here. We then bought these pads at retail and disbursed them to our trusty gear testers. These pads went on guided backpacking trips in Colorado and New Mexico, and we brought them along on trips in the Eastern Sierra and Utah. All the while, we paid attention to how well the pads performed in key areas that we identified ahead of time as most important in the function of a sleeping pad — things like weight and packed size, durability, and warmth, in addition to comfort.
This review was brought to you by the sleeping pad testing dream team, aka OutdoorGearLab Senior Review Editors Andy Wellman, Matt Bento and Brian Martin. These three come to the campsite with heavy climbing backgrounds — a pursuit where you learn to appreciate a restorative night's sleep outdoors. Andy has been testing and writing for OutdoorGearLab for over five years and climbing for over 20. He has climbed extensively worldwide and has also run a publishing company that put out bouldering guides to the Southwest. He is joined by Matt and Brian, both alumni of Yosemite Search and Rescue, where versatile, reliable, and durable equipment is a necessary part of everyday life.
Our sleeping pad testing is divided across five rating metrics:
Comfort tests (30% of overall score weighting)
Weight and packed size tests (30% weighting)
Warmth tests (20% weighting)
Ease of inflation tests (10% weighting)
Durability tests (10% weighting)
Analysis and Test Results
Our sleeping pad review quite literally has something for everyone. We sent out folks of all different sizes equipped with each pad to do a deep dive into critical features such as comfort, packed size, warmth, ease of inflation, and durability. Using these metrics as an anchor point for assessment, we rated each product based on performance. While there are many high performers, many have specific niches that shouldn't be missed.
Value can mean many different things to different people. We aren't just looking at the price of a sleeping pad — we're looking at how well it performs across a range of metrics and if this performance justifies the price. The Therm-a-Rest pads we tested are incredibly expensive but are indeed quite good value, as they offer durable construction and some mind-blowingly good performance. This review has many high-value options, but we'd like to point out a few that perform well without breaking the bank. If you want the creme de la creme, be ready to shell out a few extra clams. In general, the lower the price, the lighter and less warm the pads tend to be.
Of them all, the Klymit Static V2, one of our award winners, offers excellent comfort and warmth at a lower price. Another super low-priced (and high value) option is the classic Therm-A-Rest Z Lite Sol. While it scores low in the metrics, it's one of the most reliable pad options out there, as it's made of foam and won't pop in the backcountry. If car camping is your dig, be sure to look at the Nemo Astro Insulated, which offers exceptional warmth but is a bit too large and bulky for backcountry carry.
If you're anything like our testers, your first sleeping pad may well be a closed-cell foam pad, and rightfully so. These pads are an excellent choice for those getting into backpacking because they are lightweight and super affordable. When you realize how hard on your body they can be, you don't have to chuck it, just save it for an extra layer of warmth during winter camping. That's value.
With Nemo's release of the Switchback, we now have two solid options for supplemental or standalone foam sleeping pads that offer decent performance. Many others on the market also seem similar but haven't yet been put through their paces with our testers. Both the Z Lite Sol and Switchback offer a versatile layer of insulation one could use for winter warmth or rip it in half and have an uber light solution for fastpacking. If you want us to split hairs (which we expect is why you're here), the Switchback has a better feel on the ground, taller dimples, and seems to offer slightly more comfort. The Switchback is a few bucks more expensive.
Here we evaluate how well each pad can handle the various lumpy miseries of the landscape, things that typically disrupt a nice night out under the stars, such as roots, rocks, and reggae. Well, actually, the pads didn't help much with the reggae, but some amazing pads kept us elevated above lumps and bumps and others that didn't have such stellar performance.
Many of our testers have noticed their priorities shifting through the years from going ultralight and minimalist to looking more towards comfort. Maybe this is due to life's natural course of trending towards feeling like the tin man needing oil, but it is undeniable. A plush air pad offers significantly better sleep than the shoulder-crushing closed-cell pads from decades past.
The most comfortable pad will depend on your preferences. Our comfort scores come from a host of reviewers who each used one. Many were first-time campers on guided trips (they typically gave a lower comfort score), and many were seasoned backpackers (they ranked pads higher). Side sleepers preferred a wider pad with minimal collapse around the edges, while back sleepers could sleep better on a narrow pad. Keep in mind that our ratings are relative. A score of 9/10 means that the pad was among the most comfortable competitors, not that it's going to offer the same level of comfort as your Tempur-Pedic.
Hands down, the most comfortable pads we snoozed on are the Sea to Summit Comfort Plus Insulated and the Big Agnes Rapide SL Insulated. These pads both offer a nice variability in firmness while keeping you well-cushioned from a rocky surface below. The Comfort Plus is quite special, as the dual inflation zones can be inflated to different pressures giving a nice pillow top with a firm under construction. While this does bump the overall weight of the pad up, the ability to have dual-density creates a uniquely comfortable pad. The Rapide SL provided an impressive level of comfort, with large side rails being the notable party trick. It is undeniable how much overall comfort is boosted when not feeling as if you are slipping off to one side of your sleeping pad.
The Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XLite and NeoAir XTherm offer excellent comfort at a fraction of the weight as the most comfortable pads. They are significantly narrower than the more comfortable and heavy offerings on the market but retain the necessary features to get a good night's sleep. Sea to Summit threw down with the Ether Light XT as a pad offering a high level of comfort without piling on the weight. We found this pad to be extremely comfortable — more so than our award-winning Therm-a-Rest pads, actually.
A recent revelation by our testers is the supreme comfort afforded by "tent floor" sleeping pads. Now having 4 separate duo sleeping pads tested, we can say with absolute certainty, this is an excellent way to boost comfort in the backcountry for couples and snuggle-worthy companions. Trying to spoon on two separate pads conjures up a phenomenon similar to Moses parting the Red Sea. Tent floor pads cut through that misery and allow two people to share warmth without ending up on the hard ground. The Big Agnes Rapide SL Insulated Tent Floor was incredibly comfortable and offered us some of the best nights of sleep in the outdoors we can remember.
Weight and Packed Size
Weight is an omnipresent factor when selecting and using outdoor equipment. If all things are held constant, and one item weighs less than another, you should absolutely select the lighter item. Unfortunately, there are always trade-offs when using ultralight equipment, whether durability, warmth, or size of the pad's footprint. More important than weight is making sure whatever you end up with is something that satisfies your specific needs rather than just selecting whatever is lightest.
The weight of the single pads tested ranges from 8.8 ounces, like the Therm-a-rest Uberlite, to over 25 ounces, the Sea to Summit Comfort Plus. Check the warmth score of a lightweight pad before purchasing it to make sure it will meet your needs. Many pads are available in multiple sizes, and some testers minimize weight by taking short, torso-length pads and using a backpack, boots, or other gear under their legs. The Therm-a-Rest Uberlite is an excellent choice for ultralight backpacking in the warmer months, weighing in at 8.8 ounces, but it's not warm enough for winter camping and feels shockingly fragile; use with caution!
Our favorite pad for ultralight backpacking is the Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XLite. Sixteen ounces give you an R-value of 4.2 — a packed size roughly equal to a liter bottle and a lot of plush comfort to boot. The Nemo Tensor Insulated boasts similar specs but edges past the XLite in comfort thanks to a rectangular design, box baffles, and less "crinkly" materials for a quieter night's sleep. The Klymit Static V2 was not the absolute lightest, but it was one of the lightest wider pads. Keep in mind that most of the options under 17 ounces are usually pretty narrow and achieve part of their weight savings by reducing the sleeping area. A wider pad like the Static V2 may be worth the few extra ounces if you toss and turn a bit.
If you're like us, you go backpacking and camping for enjoyment and return to nature — not to rattle your fillings out shivering through the night only to run back to your car for the heat! Anyone who has suffered through a bone-chilling night out knows the value of a solid insulation layer between you and the frozen tundra you're sleeping on. We spent nights with teeth chattering, so hopefully, you won't have to. There is a new standardized insulation testing metric across brands. Keep an eye out for updated ASTM R-values as many previous models have differing claimed values that have now shifted with this new standard.
Thermal conductivity in pads is a complicated issue with many variables, but let's discuss the basics. First, cold is nothing more than the absence of heat, and heat moves energy from warmer objects to colder ones. Second, we lose heat via three mechanisms: conduction, convection, and radiation. If you sleep on the ground without a sleeping mat, the ground can conduct heat away from you up to 160 times faster than the air around you. The products in this review are designed to lift you off of the ground, preventing heat from being lost through conduction.
Warmth isn't nearly as important for summer hikers as it is for winter wanderers. Unless you are a cold sleeper, most of the pads in this review will be warm if you only like recreating in temperate climates. If you camp in the heat, you probably don't want a warm pad. If you're cold when camping, upgrading the R-value of your sleeping pad is recommended but often comes at the expense of added weight and bulk. The Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm supplied an unmatched level of warmth for its weight and packed size. While it isn't ultralight, the 6.9 R-Value is mind-blowing, considering the pad packs down small and barely weighs over a pound.
If having some customization with your kit is crucial, consider utilizing an inflatable pad with an added closed-cell foam pad during frigid days out. This will add a significant amount of insulation to your sleeping pad. The Z Lite Sol offers an additional 2.0, while the slightly more comfortable Switchback also provides an additional 2.0. Either way, adding one of these pads to your system will give you the versatility to take either pad alone or in combination to combat the cold.
The advent of tent floor-sized sleeping pads has brought about a massive shift (in a positive direction) in the overall warmth that can be found while camping. Intrepid camping duos should consider the benefits we have experienced while testing this new generation of large format pads. While the R-ratings are being tested through ASTM standardized testing, the insulation now covers the entire floor of your favorite tent with these pads. The result for us was a massive boost in warmth, often having to open additional flaps to let the chilly air in.
Ease of Inflation
In this review, we've included ease of inflation in our metrics. With the difficulty of inflation being one of the main drawbacks of air construction mats, manufacturers have developed an array of valve styles to help alleviate this issue.
The newest design in the vast sea of valve/sack options is the Winglock valve fixed to the XLite and XTherm (and Uberlite). We were skeptical but hopeful when we found out the dated Therm-a-Rest valves were being updated. The Winglock isn't perfect, but it is a massive upgrade to these pads, allowing air in and out exponentially faster and easier than in the past.
You can inflate the pad by opening the stuff sack so it fills with air, then folding it closed and pushing the trapped air through the valve and into the pad. The Nemo Tensor employs a similarly effective design. The upside, other than speeding inflation, is that no moisture from your breath enters that pad. While moisture accumulation in pads is not a major deal, it is something to keep an eye on. After a trip, you should keep the pad inflated, with the valve open, to allow moisture out.
While some pump bags can be frustrating, the introduction of the Exped Schnozzel pump sack was a pleasant surprise. The extremely lightweight fabric and generic nozzle made for easy inflation with nearly every pad we tested that was equipped with a modern valve. The included Therm-a-Rest pump bag was made from heavy material that resisted poofing up effortlessly like the Schnozzel.
Self-inflating pads have been on the market for decades and make the task of inflating easier. However, the downside of self-inflating pads is that they are less comfortable, bulkier, and heavier than air-construction pads. While these pads have their cult following among hardcore wilderness Luddites, the new sleeping pad technologies are certainly getting lighter, warmer, and even more comfortable, making these self-inflating pads a bit less attractive.
Advances in textile development make lightweight inflatable pads durable. We have used inflatable pads for 40-day backpacking trips without any durability issues and are impressed by the amount of abuse our inflatable pads handled without tearing or delaminating. Take care of your pad, and it will take care of you. That said, we always recommend traveling with a mini repair kit.
Even the most durable pads can be punctured with a sharp thorn, a rock, or a shard of glass. It only takes a tiny hole to render a pad completely useless, and this can be a potentially dangerous scenario in colder temperatures. A small repair kit weighs a few ounces at most, and most repairs are pretty easy in the field. If you want to add even more durability to your pad, you can use Tyvek as an inexpensive ground cloth. Few other materials add as much protection for their weight. Also, be sure to always carry a repair kit with you if you have an inflatable pad.
Thankfully, inflatable pads are usually easy to patch if the leak isn't too minute and isn't emanating from the pad's valve system. Additionally, most pads do come with patch kits. The most durable pads tested were the Therm-a-Rest Z Lite SOL and Nemo Switchback because they are made of foam and are virtually indestructible compared to inflatable pads. Even when they rip or break down, they still function as a barrier between you and the ground.
For those who want to go ultralight and fast, give some serious time and consideration to both the Switchback and Z Lite, as they can be cut down to shave off more weight and will virtually never completely fall apart. An important note with closed-cell pads, they do crush over time, losing valuable millimeters of loft. Some of the most durable inflatable pads are the Comfort Plus, Therm-a-Rest NeoAir XTherm, and the Nemo Astro Insulated that all utilize thicker materials and even dual air chambers in the case of the Comfort Plus.
The Therm-a-Rest NeoAir Uberlite is constructed from a 15 denier nylon that feels alarmingly thin, while the Nemo Tensor uses a slightly thicker 20D nylon. We never punctured these pads during our testing but would never leave home without a patch kit while hiking with these pads. If you're seeking the most durable and reliable pad option out there and don't want to carry a patch kit, consider the less comfortable but highly reliable Therm-A-Rest Z Lite Sol that utilizes close-cell technology.
As our main sleeping pad tester ages and starts to lose bone mass, his interest in overall sleeping pad comfort has only increased. Having a plush, pillowy pad betwixt the meat vehicle and terra firma is critical for getting the most out of any adventure. We continue to add the best and most promising sleeping pads into this category in hopes of finding a pad so comfortable we refuse to hand it over when someone asks if they can see it. While we haven't found that pad just yet, we're hoping it's out there, and we will continue our search.
A sleeping bag is a cornerstone of your overnight kit...
Ad-free. Influence-free. Powered by Testing.
GearLab is founded on the principle of honest, objective, reviews. Our experts test thousands of products each year using thoughtful test plans that bring out key performance differences between competing products. And, to assure complete independence, we buy all the products we test ourselves. No cherry-picked units sent by manufacturers. No sponsored content. No ads. Just real, honest, side-by-side testing and comparison.