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How We Tested Bike Panniers

Monday July 11, 2022
bike panniers - the signature h has an incredibly versatile design that would be...
The Signature H has an incredibly versatile design that would be suitable for commuting, grocery shopping, or packing for a picnic.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

How do we know which pannier is best for the job? Because we were ruthless in our testing of these 14 different models. Each pannier was subject to a series of tests and trials that were designed to push the limits of their performance. They endured day-to-day use on the streets and bikes paths around Santa Barbara, the gravel routes and dirt trails of Lake Tahoe, and a month of extensive off-road testing in the Wrangell Mountains of Alaska. We invite you to read through our categorical breakdown of each test below.

Related: How to Pick the Perfect Panniers for Touring and Commuting

Mounting System

Each pannier is unique in how it attaches to your bike rack. Even if they are utilizing similar mounting systems, each bag has its own nuances that can add to or take away from overall sturdiness and usability. First, we tested the ease of mounting and dismounting each pannier. After removing it from the box, we timed how long it took to get each pannier securely fastened to a bike frame, including the time it took to assemble or adjust hardware before use. Naturally, we gave lesser scores to models who had a steep learning curve or weren't ready for use right out of the box.

bike panniers - the ortlieb gravel pack is one of the easiest models to secure to...
The Ortlieb Gravel Pack is one of the easiest models to secure to the rack.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

Next, we tested how quickly we could secure each pannier to a different rack to determine if certain models have any compatibility issues with certain types of racks. Some models, like the Ortlieb Back Roller Classic, come with additional hardware pieces to accommodate racks of different sizes, while others, like the Timbuk2 Tandem, are universally sized. We gave higher scores to panniers that work on various rigs without fussing to change mounting hardware.

bike panniers - the thule shield's unique mounting systems with magnets attached to...
The Thule Shield's unique mounting systems with magnets attached to embedded metal plates within the side of each bag.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

Finally, we tested how secure each bag felt once attached to the bike. This was accomplished by securing the pannier with a full load and then riding down a steep, bumpy decline at full speed. As the bike bounced over rocks and ruts, we listened for vibrations and rattles and checked to see that the pannier remained attached. Once the test was complete, we inspected the mounting hardware to see if there was any shifting, jarring, or detachment.


This metric is a bit more subjective than the rest. While storage ability is a primary concern when selecting a pannier, we had different expectations for the various categories of touring, commuting, and urban panniers. Each pannier was subject to the same storage tests, though we adjusted the parameters slightly to reflect each model's intended use.

bike panniers - the huge main storage compartment of the bug pannier was able to fit...
The huge main storage compartment of the Bug Pannier was able to fit our chunky old laptop, a handful of books, an extra pair of shoes, and a change of clothes for the gym.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

The most critical storage test was measuring overall capacity or volume. We accomplished this by selecting an assortment of category-specific gear to fill each pannier to its functional limits. We took note of how much total gear we could store, as well as how easy it was to pack and unpack each model; higher scores didn't necessarily go to higher-volume bags. In addition to total capa

city, we placed value on how easily the panniers could be loaded up to the brim.

bike panniers - the shield pannier (size large) has the largest volume in this...
The Shield Pannier (size large) has the largest volume in this year's lineup.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

We were also sure to test each pannier's load security. To achieve this, we monitored whether or not gear had shifted or jostled after having ridden on bumpy terrain. When possible, we utilized compression straps or load-securing implements to test whether these features were useful in keeping gear secure. Furthermore, we paid close attention to how well closures held during these rough rides.


If you're anything like us, you take good care of your gear but inevitably wind up being hard on it after repeated use. Considering this, we thought that durability should be a primary consideration when selecting a pannier, so you know it's willing to go the distance time and time again. We conducted much of our testing in Southeast Alaska, where the conditions are extremely unforgiving. There are no paved roads or sidewalks and very few flat surfaces in general. Life on a glacial moraine is very tough on equipment, and there were no exceptions for the panniers we tested. We routinely exposed each model to thick undergrowth, coarse rocks, and dusty silt that is capable of working into the smallest crannies.

bike panniers - the heavy-duty coated nylon material of the back roller is...
The heavy-duty coated nylon material of the Back Roller is incredibly durable and sets a benchmark for high-quality materials and construction.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

To keep tabs on each pannier's overall durability, we monitored how well each bag would stand up to the harsh conditions of life on the frontier. We kept our eyes peeled for not just cosmetic scuffs but also critical failures in hardware and materials that would be detrimental to the panniers' performance.


The thin but critical margin between waterproof and merely water-resistant demands your attention when selecting the proper bike bag. Wouldn't you like to know that your gear, possibly electronics, is more than just part-way protected from road spray or downpours? Furthermore, it's good to know it will stand up to other elements like the beating sun, and muddy trails. To more wholly capture the spectrum of elemental security, we chose to test for comprehensive weatherproofing and not just waterproofing. To test for resilience in wet conditions, we had a two-tier waterproofing test. First, we packed each pannier with newspaper wads—in both main compartments and extra pockets—and sealed them up using all the available water protection features. After they were secure, we left them outside overnight in the rain. In the morning, we checked to see how much moisture, if any, had been let into the bags by checking the relative dampness of the newspaper inside. (Simple at-home spray down tests and bucket soak tests were conducted for the test areas with drier climates.)

bike panniers - the roll-top closure on the signature h helps the waterproof liner...
The roll-top closure on the Signature H helps the waterproof liner seal protect your gear from the elements, but the single buckled cinch strap in the center of the bag could use some extra closure buckles on the sides.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

The second phase of this waterproofing test was more intensive. We sent each bag for a swim in the creek while attached to a rope (also a good measure of durability). Afterward, we fully submerged each pannier and held them underwater for a total of 15 seconds. Similar to the rain test; we used wads of newspaper to monitor how much moisture was let into each bag. In addition to simulated conditions, we also used the panniers during full-on sideways rain in the Wrangell Mountains. During these rides, we encountered a good deal of mud and slop, in addition to rain. Beyond performance in wet conditions, we also took note of the effects on performance during dry, dusty days on the trail. How easily could fine-particle sand or trail debris enter pockets and openings? We paid close attention to how well each bag operated once it had gotten thoroughly soaked and covered in silt. Specifically, we checked to see whether or not mud had any effect on the function of closures, straps, and mounting hardware.

bike panniers - we were so confident in the ortlieb's waterproofing that we sent it...
We were so confident in the Ortlieb's waterproofing that we sent it for a ride down the creek.
Credit: Rob Woodworth

Ease of Use & Versatility

This metric was the least weighted in our testing plan, but that doesn't mean it wasn't important. To us, ease of use and versatility translate to ergonomics, functionality, user-friendliness, and overall satisfaction with the product. We also used this metric to provide scores for additional features that didn't fall into the other four categorical distinctions. Details like reflective materials, shoulder straps, hidden pockets, or other features that either add to or take away from the user experience were factored into ease of use and versatility.

bike panniers - the dutchy is as handy to carry off the bike as it is on the bike.
The Dutchy is as handy to carry off the bike as it is on the bike.
Credit: Nick Bruckbauer

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